Cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common form of fungus that attack the immune system decline, such as AIDS. This type of meningitis can be life threatening if not treated promptly.

     In the U.S., cryptococcal meningitis is the most common form of fungal meningitis and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients immunosupressed. Patients with HIV are at risk of 5-10% cryptococcus exposed throughout life.

     History of fever and headache are the most common symptoms of cryptococcal meningitis, although it can be seen changes in mental activity and evidence of focal neurologic deficits. Diagnosis is based on culture of cerebrospinal fluid, blood, sputum or urine were positive for C. neoformans.

With the AIDS, the incidence of cryptococcal meningitis has increased dramatically. In America, meningitis include five major causes opportunistic infections in AIDS patients.

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